Diabetic bone regeneration with nanoceria-tailored scaffolds by recapitulating cellular microenvironment: Activating integrin/TGF-β co-signaling of MSCs while relieving oxidative stress, Biomaterials, 2022
Diabetic bone regeneration with nanoceria-tailored scaffolds by recapitulating cellular microenvironment: Activating integrin/TGF-β co-signaling of MSCs while relieving oxidative stress - ScienceDirect
Regenerating defective bone in patients with diabetes mellitus remains a significant challenge due to high blood glucose level and oxidative stress. Here we aim to tackle this issue by means of a drug- and cell-free scaffolding approach. We found the nanoceria decorated on various types of scaffolds (fibrous or 3D-printed one; named nCe-scaffold) could render a therapeutic surface that can recapitulate the microenvironment: modulating oxidative stress while offering a nanotopological cue to regenerating cells. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) recognized the nanoscale (tens of nm) topology of nCe-scaffolds, presenting highly upregulated curvature-sensing membrane protein, integrin set, and adhesion-related molecules. Osteogenic differentiation and mineralization were further significantly enhanced by the nCe-scaffolds. Of note, the stimulated osteogenic potential was identified to be through integrin-mediated TGF-β co-signaling activation. Such MSC-regulatory effects were proven in vivo by the accelerated bone formation in rat calvarium defect model. The nCe-scaffolds further exhibited profound enzymatic and catalytic potential, leading to effectively scavenging reactive oxygen species in vivo. When implanted in diabetic calvarium defect, nCe-scaffolds significantly enhanced early bone regeneration. We consider the currently-exploited nCe-scaffolds can be a promising drug- and cell-free therapeutic means to treat defective tissues like bone in diabetic conditions.